Facts & Figures

Extreme poverty, deep poverty, abject poverty, absolute poverty, destitution, or penury, was defined by the United Nations (UN) in its 1995 report of the World Summit for Social Development as “a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to services.” Historically, other definitions have been proposed within the United Nations.

In 2018, extreme poverty widely refers to an income below the international poverty line of $1.90 per day (in 2011 prices, equivalent to $2.16 in 2019), set by the World Bank. In October 2015, the World Bank updated the international poverty line, a global absolute minimum, to $1.90 a day. This is the equivalent of $1.00 a day in 1996 US prices, hence the widely used expression “living on less than a dollar a day”.

The second goal in the United Nations Millennium Development Goal is to achieve Universal Primary Education, more specifically, to “ensure that by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.”

“Educating children gives the next generation the tools to fight poverty and prevent disease, including malaria and AIDS.” Despite the significance of investing in education, a recent report, Fixing the Broken Promise of Education for All: Findings from the Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children – produced by UNESCO Institute for Statistics and UNICEF found that the world has missed this 2015 target of universal primary education, and there are currently 58 million children, of primary school age, out of school worldwide.

Source: UNICEF – Monitoring the situation of children and women

MDG Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases

Target 6.A: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS 

  • More people than ever are living with HIV due to fewer AIDS-related deaths and the continued large number of new infections.
  • Comprehensive knowledge of HIV transmission remains low among young people, along with condom use.

Target 6.B: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it

  • Access to treatment for people living with HIV increased in all regions.
  • At the end of 2011, 8 million people were receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV or AIDS in developing regions. This total constitutes an increase of over 1.4 million people from December 2009, and the largest one-year increase ever.

Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

  • The global estimated incidence of malaria has decreased by 17 per cent since 2000, and malaria-specific mortality rates by 25 per cent.
  • Countries with improved access to malaria control interventions saw child mortality rates fall by about 20 per cent.
  • Thanks to increased funding, more children are sleeping under insecticide-treated bed nets in sub-Saharan Africa. See World Health Organisation’s 2014 country profile on malaria. The Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016-2030 also presents interesting insights.
  • The anti-tuberculosis drive is closing in on a 50 per cent cut in the 1990 death rate and more TB patients are being successfully treated.
  • SSource: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/